A canker sore is a type of disease that, according to professional research, can be classified under minor infection. They are also known as “Aphthous ulcers”
Canker sores are minor lesions that latch onto the lips or the sides of the mouth. These small and shallow lesions are called cankers. These small and shallow lesions called canker sores, also known as aphthous ulcers, appear on the soft tissues in your mouth or near the gum line.
Canker sores do not appear on the surface of your lips as cold sores do, and they are also not communicable. However, they can be uncomfortable and might make it challenging to speak and eat.
Symptoms of Canker sore
The majority of canker sores have a red border and a round or oval shape with a white or yellow center. They develop inside your mouth, either on your soft palate or on or under your tongue, inside your cheeks or lips, or at the base of your gums.
Furthermore, you may feel a tingling or burning sensation before forming canker sores. Canker sores come in a variety of sizes, including minor, large, and herpetiform lesions.
Types of Canker sore
Canker sores can be divided into two types, minor and major sores.
The minor sores belong to the categories of sores that are common and mostly seen. Minor sores is characterized by the following attributes:
- Typically small
- They have an orange center and a crimson outline.
- Healing mostly takes one to two weeks without scars.
These types of canker sores fall under the rare category. They are rarely seen and are characterized by some distinctive features, these feature includes:
- They are bigger and deeper in comparison to mild canker sores
- They are typically rounded with clearly defined borders, but when very large, they may have erratic edges.
- It might be painful.
- And may leave significant scars and take up to six weeks to heal.
Causes of Canker sore
The main causes of cancer sores cannot be determined yet but can be speculated. Some of its remote causes may include:
- A mild mouth injury brought on by dental work, excessive brushing, sports accidents, or an unintentional cheek bite
- Mouthwashes using sodium lauryl sulfate and toothpaste
- Food sensitivities, especially to foods that are spicy or acidic, chocolate, coffee, strawberries, eggs, almonds, and cheese
a diet deficient in iron, zinc, folic acid, or vitamin B-12
- A reaction to specific microorganisms in your mouth that causes allergies
The same bacteria that causes stomach ulcers, Helicobacter pylori
- Menstrual cycle hormonal changes
- Or a counter-reaction caused by other diseases like HIV and the like.
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Treatment for Canker sore
There’s no fixed remedy for canker sore since it is a natural lesion that is only a result of a few in stable conditions.
Although there is no known treatment for aphthous ulcers, below are a few measures to reduce the pain and help heal faster
- Protective pastes that provide a barrier over the ulcer to minimize exposure to irritantsSilver nitrate stick-based cauterization of superficial tissue.
- Lidocaine and benzocaine are local anesthetics used to treat pain.
- Toothpaste containing medication but no sodium lauryl sulfate.
- Mouthwashes with antibacterial agents to lower secondary infection
- Avoiding foods that cause or aggravate ulcers. Treatment of an underlying ailment or linked condition, such as dietary supplements of vitamins or minerals if a deficiency is found or the diet is insufficient.
- Lessening of stress
Are all Aphthous ulcers/Canker sores cancerous?
The majority of canker sores(Aphthous ulcers) are not cancerous, they are minor lesions that will heal within the span of 2-4weeks. But you should check up with a specialist if it exceeds this time frame or if you are experiencing other symptoms which may lead to Cancer.
Is Aphthous ulcer painful?
Most aphthous ulcers are painful. Although some are not, it probably depends on the nature, type, and where it mounts. For instance, a canker sore close to your side lips will be more painful than those on your lower lips.
In conclusion, canker sores are not as dangerous as we all thought, it does not have a permanent solution but the healing speed can be guided by following the listed treatment procedures above.