Dermatologists are highly trained medical doctors who specialize in diagnosing and treating diseases of the skin, hair, nails, and mucus membrane-related conditions. Some dermatologists are also surgeons.
What’s another name for a Dermatologist?
Dermatologist: consultant, analyst, skin doctor, medical specialist, specialist, doctor, dermatologist, obstetrician, osteopath
What is a dermatologist?
Your skin is your largest, heaviest organ, and it has many important functions. It protects you from heat, cold, germs, and dangerous substances. It’s also a great indicator of your overall health — changes in the color or feel of your skin can be a sign of a medical problem. It’s important to take proper care of your skin and be aware of its overall health.
A Dermatologist is a doctor who has expertise in the care of:
They’re experts in diagnosing and treating skin, hair and nail related diseases, and they can manage cosmetic disorders, including hair loss and scars.
What is the function of Dermatologists?
Dermatologists diagnose and treat skin conditions. They also recognize symptoms that appear on your skin which may indicate problems inside your body, like organ disease or failure.
Dermatologists often perform specialized diagnostic procedures related to skin conditions. They use treatments including:
- Externally applied or injected medicines.
- Ultraviolet (UV) light therapy.
- A range of dermatologic surgical procedures, such as mole removal and skin biopsies.
- Cosmetic procedures, such as chemical peels, sclerotherapy, and laser treatments.
Sclerotherapy is a medical procedure that treats varicose veins and spider veins, usually on your legs. Sclerotherapy involves injecting a solution directly into the vein. The sclerotherapy solution causes the vein to scar, forcing blood to reroute through healthier veins.
What does a Dermatologist do?
Like most medical doctors, the day-to-day duties of a dermatologist are as varied as the patients they care for. They provide life-changing diagnoses and treatments to restore health, prevent illness, and improve life for both children and adults. Dermatologists also provide their patients with education and preventative care for skin and other related health issues. For example, they may perform skin surveys to find precancerous lesions among patients with a high risk of skin cancer. This can help to alleviate pain and vastly improve the lives of patients living with debilitating skin conditions. As part of their day-to-day responsibilities, a dermatologist will:
- Meet with patients: A dermatologist will record the patient’s medical history, perform patient examinations, spot any irregularities, and discuss a diagnosis.
- Develop treatment plans: Dermatologists may prescribe medications, remove the abnormality, perform surgery or take biopsies for further research.
- Address cosmetic concerns: A dermatologist uses tools such as lasers to treat birthmarks, Botox to tackle wrinkles, and skin grafting for patients with severe scarring.
- Perform follow-up examinations or treatments: Dermatology treatments often need numerous sessions to resolve the issue and for the dermatologist to track patient progress.
What training and qualifications do Dermatologists have?
To become a dermatologist, doctors must complete:
- Four years of college.
- Four years of medical school.
- One year of an internship (training in dermatology and other fields).
- Three years of residency (continued training concentrating on the field of dermatology).
- One to two years of fellowship. A fellowship isn’t mandatory, but it offers additional training in a dermatology subspecialty.
- Licensing/certification. In the United States, dermatologists must obtain a license to practice medicine and pass a board certification exam offered by the American Board of Dermatology, the American Osteopathic
- Board of Dermatology or the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada.
How to become a Dermatologist?
To become a dermatologist in the United States, you will need to have an up-to-date license. While requirements will slightly vary depending on the state, most require dermatologists to hold a degree from an accredited medical school, undertake a residency program, and pass the US Medical Licensing Exam.
Therefore, to become a dermatologist, you will need to:
- Gain a bachelor’s degree.
- Pass the MCAT.
- Attend medical school.
- Pass the first two parts of the USMLE.
- Complete your residency.
- Pass the third part of the USMLE.
- Get a license.
- Become board certified.
How long does it take to become a Dermatologist?
It can take up to 13 years to become a dermatologist. This includes time spent as an undergraduate, in medical school, and residency.
What are common conditions that Dermatologists treat?
Some of the most common conditions a dermatologist may treat include:
- Hair loss.
- Nail fungus.
- Skin cancer.
What types of procedures do Dermatologists perform?
Common procedures include:
- Electrosurgery: Electrosurgery involves the surgical use of a high-frequency electric current to cut or destroy tissue.
- Cryosurgery: Cryosurgery involves the surgical use of extreme cold to freeze and destroy tissue.
- Laser surgery: Laser surgery involves the surgical use of special light beams.
- Excision surgery: Excision surgery involves using a sharp knife (scalpel) to excise (remove by cutting) tissue with appropriate closures.
- Mohs surgery: Mohs surgery is a surgical technique that involves a layer-by-layer removal of cancer cells from your skin.
- Mole removal: A mole removal involves the partial or total removal of a mole from your body. They study the mole for cancer or other skin diseases.
- Vein treatment: After evaluating your damaged veins, dermatologists may treat them with sclerotherapy or laser treatments.
What are some Dermatology subspecialty fields?
Some dermatology subspecialty fields include:
- Mohs surgery.
- Pediatric dermatology.
- Cosmetic dermatology.
What is the difference between Dermatologists and Estheticians?
Estheticians aren’t medical doctors. They can’t diagnose skin disorders or prescribe medications. They can only help with treatments that affect the appearance of your skin. Some esthetician procedures include:
- Scrubbing (exfoliating) skin.
- Teaching how to use makeup to conceal scarring.
- Applying acne treatments.
- Suggesting skin care products.
- Airbrush tanning.
When should I make an appointment with a Dermatologist?
Some of the more common symptoms for which you may want to see a dermatologist include:
- A patch of skin or a mole has changed in size, color or shape.
- Skin cancer.
- Severe or persistent acne.
- Dark spots on your face (hyperpigmentation).
- Long-lasting skin irritation.
- Hair loss.
- Nail disorders.
- Signs of aging.
- Varicose and spider veins.
How should I prepare for my first dermatologist appointment?
To get the most out of your first dermatologist appointment, it’s helpful to prepare. You can:
- Bring a list of the most important issues you want to discuss with your dermatologist.
- Note any changes in your overall health.
- Keep a symptom diary (and bring it with you) and record your events, including the day and time they occurred, how long the event lasted, severity, triggers, symptoms and any action you took to end the event.
- Bring clear photos, if possible.
- Learn about your family medical history. This information can help your dermatologist make an accurate diagnosis.
- Wear loose clothing so your dermatologist can easily perform an examination.
- Avoid wearing makeup or nail polish. Wearing makeup or nail polish may make it difficult for your dermatologist to examine your skin or nails properly.
- Consider using a washable pen to circle spots on your body. Physical reminders help you remember what to mention to your dermatologist.
- Bring copies of test results, including images and lab work ordered by other healthcare providers outside your dermatologist’s healthcare network.
- Bring a list of all current products you take or use. Include prescription medications, over-the-counter (OTC) medications, vitamins, supplements, herbal products, soaps, makeup and sunscreens. Also, let your dermatologist know about any previous medications that didn’t work or caused side effects.
- Bring a list of your known allergies.
- Bring a friend or relative with you to take notes and be another set of ears and eyes to the appointment.
- This person can help review your dermatologist’s discussion, ask questions and remind you about scheduling tests and follow-up appointments.
- Ask if you should schedule another appointment to discuss any additional concerns.
Dermatologist Salary in the United States
How much does a Dermatologist make in the United States? The average Dermatologist salary in the United States is $362,600 as of May 27, 2022, but the range typically falls between $311,400 and $423,100. Salary ranges can vary widely depending on many important factors, including education, certifications, additional skills, the number of years you have spent in your profession.
How much do Dermatologists make?
The average Dermatologist’s salary in the United States is $300,000 per year, equivalent to $154 per hour. Entry-level dermatology positions typically start at around $78,000 a year, while more experienced dermatologists can expect to make up to $450,000 a year.
Salary ranges vary considerably depending on your education, certifications, additional experience, and the amount of experience. Your geographical location can also impact how much you will make as a dermatologist.
The table below shows the average salaries of dermatologists across some US regions:
Also read Best Dermatologist Associates in Dallas
Skills to be a Dermatologist
You should consider pursuing a career in dermatology if you have the following skills:
- Attention to detail: Dermatologists need to have excellent attention to detail to identify and track minor changes in a patient’s skin condition.
- Communication skills: Dermatologists must communicate diagnoses and treatment information to patients.
- They must speak and write clearly and be able to listen carefully.
- Organization skills: Working with hundreds of patients every month requires a dermatologist to have excellent organizational and record-keeping skills.
- Problem-solving skills: Dermatologists need strong problem-solving skills to identify effective treatments when assessing skin conditions.
- Excellent memory: Dermatologists must have an encyclopedic memory to recall the thousands of health problems that can manifest on hair, nails, and the skin and recognize the symptoms of these conditions.
- Enjoy making people look good: The cosmetic side of dermatology requires a dermatologist to feel good about making their patients look good.
If you are interested in pursuing a rewarding career in dermatology, your first step is to apply to a quality medical school.
Courses & Duration
Lets us discuss courses in Dermatology.
“Dermatology is counted among one of the highly competitive medical fields, this field requires many years of education and training”.
Once you have completed 10+2 with PCB, you are eligible for Bachelor of Medicine Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) course. After MBBS, you can pursue master’s degree program and doctor of medicine (MD) in dermatology.
In dermatology, courses at certificate level, diploma level, bachelor and master level are available. Most sought dermatology courses are listed below:
- Diploma in Dermatology – 2 years
- Bachelor of Science in Dermatology – 3 years
- Post Graduate Diploma in Dermatology, Venerology & Leprosy – 2 years
- Master of Science in Dermatology, Venereology & Leprology – 2 years
- Doctor of Medicine in Dermatology & Venereology – 3 years
- Doctor of Philosophy in Dermatology & Venereology – 3 years
Jobs & Career
“There are lots of job opportunities are available for Dermatologist”.
With the increasing skin problems worldwide, the demands of Dermatologist who can work on various skin treatment techniques has been increased.
Lucrative career opportunities for dermatologists are available. A dermatologist can work in the dermatology department of a reputed hospital. One can also open his/her own clinic where he/she can perform practice and make good money.
Jobs for dermatologists are also offered by the government as well as private hospitals. Those holding degrees in this field can also opt for a career in teaching. Job opportunities are also available abroad.
Some areas where dermatologist can find job placements are government and private hospitals, skin care centres, dispensaries, government and private colleges and many others.
After earning doctor of medicine in dermatology, one can also go for the research work.
A note from Eliteshobby
Dermatologists are medical doctors who specialize in skin, hair, and nails. Dermatologists also handle cosmetic disorders, like hair loss and scars. Your dermatologist will examine you, order lab tests, make a diagnosis and treat your condition with medication or a procedure. They may refer you to and work together with another specialist, if appropriate. Before your appointment, prepare notes and organize your health information. Be sure to ask any questions that come to mind. Your dermatologist wants to help you diagnose your condition, treat or manage it in the best way possible and support you.